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  • Erdnase is a pseudonym used by the author of The Expert at the Card Table, a book detailing sleight of hand, cheating and legerdemain using playing cards.Still considered essential reading for any card magician, the book (usually known as just Erdnase, EATCT, or sometimes the Bible) has been in publication since 1902.Erdnase's true identity is one of the enduring mysteries of the magic.
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The purpose of this website is to build coherent pieces of information on the search for S. W. Erdnase, the enigmatic and still unknown author of The Expert at the Card Table (TEATCT). There is a wealth of research on the subject, spread over numerous books, articles, websites, etc. and of course ongoing in the famous twelve-year-old, 4,300+ posts long (and counting) ERDNASE thread on the Genii forum. This research is always interesting but at times chaotic, and this website is an attempt to gather, compile, and summarize it into discrete units of inquiry. In other words, to ask questions, and then present what we collectively know towards the answer. Each such line of inquiry has its own section below and is continuously updated as new information is found. If something seems missing or wrong, and especially for ideas on entirely new sections, don’t hesitate to contact the maintainer.

Everyone researching Erdnase is in debt to everyone else doing so. In all possible cases, original research is credited to its originator(s). External sources are cited well enough to be found by anyone. For visual pieces of evidence, images are included directly on the page, unless for copyright (or similar) reasons. Everything else is to be considered ongoing thoughts and ideas. There is a fair share of subjectivity, as is the case for any source of information, and some sections will seem more established than others.

Language: english. File: PDF, 43.38 MB. Send-to-Kindle or Email. Please login to your account first; Need help? Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. You may be interested in Powered by Rec2Me Most frequently terms.

This website rests on the fundamental idea that S. W. Erdnase will be found through new evidence, not through pure reasoning, although the latter is what guides towards the former. That is why some readers will look for discussion on the various candidates but not find it here. Even less any anagrams.

Last updated: December 7, 2019


  • The ERDNASE thread is very long but is essential reading. A single-page version is available here, searching on that page is possibly the quickest way to search the entire thread at once. It can also be filtered to only show posts by a specific user. For offline reading, the thread is also available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle formats.
  • The downloads below are text-only versions of entire catalogues of periodicals relevant to Erdnase. The originals are available on HathiTrust to be viewed one page at the time. Using a good text editor, searching all these text files at once for relevant terms and then looking up the corresponding issue on HathiTrust is another way to speed up searching:
    • The Inland Printer, 1800–1922 (HT1, HT2)
    • The American Printer, 1800–1922 (HT)
  • Except on the already mentioned HathiTrust, old documents (books etc.) can be found on the Internet Archive and Library of Congress websites, both free. Any kind of genealogy data is on Ancestry.com and a very comprehensive database of newspapers is on Newspapers.com, both paid services with free trials.
  • For any materials specifically on magic and conjuring, Ask Alexander is the definitive source. Even at the free account level grants access to some important documents, e.g. the James McKinney bankruptcy files, linked in several places below.
  • Eoin O’Hare has scanned and published all 101 illustrations from TEATCT.
  • For those interested in buying or selling a first edition copy of TEATCT, here is a list of what it sold for in the past.
  • More recommended reading and materials:
    • Rethinking S. W. Erdnase by Tom Sawyer (2015)
    • “Montana’s Conjurers, Con Men, and Card Cheats: Wilbur E. Sanders, S. W. Erdnase, and The Expert at the Card Table” by Marty Demarest (Montana, Winter 2013 / Vol. 63 (4))
    • Artifice, Ruse & Erdnase by Hurt McDermott (Lybrary.com, 2012)
    • “Unshuffling Erdnase” by Marty Demarest (Genii, September 2011)
    • Magicol No. 180 by David Ben et al. (August 2011)
    • Interview with Richard Hatch on the Expert at the Card Table DVD Set by Allan Ackerman (Houdini Magic, 2009)
    • “The Magician as Detective: New Light on Erdnase” by David Alexander (Genii, January 2000)
    • The Gardner-Smith Correspondence by Martin Gardner and Marshall D. Smith (H & R Magic Books, 1999)
    • “Searching for Erdnase” by Richard Hatch (Magic Magazine, December 1999)
    • Further Thoughts on S. W. Erdnase by Tom Sawyer (1991)
    • S. W. Erdnase: Another View by Tom Sawyer (1991)
    • The Man Who Was Erdnase by Bart Whaley, Martin Gardner, and Jeff Busby (Jeff Busby Magic, 1991)
  • Ongoing research worth following:
    • The “Rethinking S. W. Erdnase…” blog by Tom Sawyer, detailing many aspects and thoughts on the Erdnase hunt, in anticipation of his upcoming book on the subject. Sawyer’s previous books on Erdnase – S. W. Erdnase: Another View and Further Thoughts on S. W. Erdnase from 1991 – have by now become collector’s items in their own right.
    • The Lybrary.com newsletter by Chris Wasshuber, which especially since issue #679 (June 16, 2015) often contains updates on his own quest for Erdnase, and his proposed candidate Edward Gallaway – the typesetter at James McKinney & Co.
    • The Everything Erdnase online exhibition curated by Jason England, with sections on all the various editions, ephemera, tracking of first editions, and much more.

Last updated: December 7, 2019

When was the book written?❦

The time period during which TEATCT was written has been hard to pinpoint. It might have happened over a long period or a short one. The book was probably being wrapped up around the time the author engaged M. D. Smith for doing the illustrations. When this happened has been placed to the highest precision so far by David Alexander. In his 2011 article “The Magician as Detective: New Light on Erdnase” in Genii, he makes clever use of M. D Smith’s recollection that his meeting with the author was on “bitter cold winter day” [1]. Alexander examined Chicago weather data for the time period immediately preceding the book’s printing, which was entirely finished on the very latest March 8, 1902, looking for days that might fit that description. Given time for preparing the manuscript and illustrations for print, the meeting probably happened at least a couple of months before that March date, although this is not known. This still might not be a clue to when the book was written, but to a larger extent around when the writing process had ended.

Alexander pointed out December 14 and 15 as remarkably cold; they were at a minimum temperature of -9 and -12 degrees Fahrenheit (about -23 and -24.5 Celsius) respectively. As was also noted by Tom Sawyer, these specific dates however do not stand out among dates even in December, as a number of other dates had similarly low temperatures:

Dec 15, 1901-12-7.0
Dec 14, 1901-9-0.5
Dec 20, 1901-8-2.0
Dec 16, 1901-52.0
Dec 19, 1901-54.0

Sorted by average.

Even more dates had an average temperature deviating far below the normal for that period, i.e. departure:

Dec 15, 1901-12-7.0-34.5
Dec 14, 1901-9-0.5-28.3
Dec 20, 1901-8-2.0-28.3
Dec 16, 1901-52.0-25.3
Dec 18, 1901-11.5-25.2
Dec 19, 1901-54.0-22.5
Dec 17, 190136.0-21.0
Dec 21, 1901-27.5-18.6

Sorted by departure.

Looking at daily average temperature for the entire winter of 1901/02 up until March, the ten coldest dates were:

Dec 15, 1901-12-7.0-34.5
Jan 27, 1902-8-3.0-26.8
Dec 20, 1901-8-2.0-28.3
Dec 14, 1901-9-0.5-28.3
Feb 5, 1902-71.5-23.5
Dec 18, 1901-11.5-25.2
Dec 16, 1901-52.0-25.3
Dec 19, 1901-54.0-22.5
Feb 4, 1902-65.5-19.3
Feb 8, 1902-05.5-20.2

Sorted by average.

On the assumption that the meeting happened in the winter of 1901/02, and given M. D. Smith’s testimony, it would be a reasonable conclusion that he and the author met either in mid-December, 1902, or in late January/early February 1902. The latter span might seem a bit too late for the book to be completed in time for early March when the book is known to have existed in its final form. Even more so, if it already did at the time of its copyright application on February 15.

However, it is currently not known that it was that winter they met. The winter of 1900/01 had quite a few days that could be described as “bitter cold”, for example, February 22–23 with daily average temperatures at ~25 degrees below the normal, and with many days that month reaching minimum temperatures at around zero degrees. March 5–6 that same winter had similar minimum temperatures and departures from the normal.

  1. The Gardner-Smith Correspondence, H & R Magic Books, PDF Edition, page 7.

Last updated: October 10, 2015

Early chronology❦

Work in progress.

We know that the two copies required by copyright law to be sent to the Library of Congress were so on March 8 of 1902, putting a latest date on when the book must have been printed, bound, and delivered:

From the Catalog of Title Entries of Books, Library of Congress (Second Quarter, 1902)

According to Richard Hatch, the earliest known advertisement for TEATCT was in the November 1902 issue of The Sphinx:

First known advertisement for TEATCT (The Sphinx, November 1902)

The advertisement was placed by Vernelo & Company – an importer, manufacturer and inventor of magic apparatus run by Edward M. Vernelo. (His wife “Madame Inez” was the editor of The Sphinx at that time, through The Sphinx Publishing Co., owned by the two.)


The book had already briefly been mentioned by William Hilliar in the September 1902 issue of The Sphinx:

Mention of TEATCT in The Sphinx, September 1902

The earliest known mention of TEATCT outside the magic community was in the National Police Gazette on March 21, 1903 (image pending).

Frederick J. Drake began selling first edition copies in 1903 until he reprinted the book in 1905 in both paper- and clothbound editions. These were marketed in, for example, Stanyon’s Magic (prices are English pre-decimalization):

Drake reprints of TEATCT on sale in Stanyon’s Magic, December 1906

Drake continued selling TEATCT at least as late as 1934 – possibly 1937 when the Frost Publishing Company started printing it, although it is not known if the same printing plates were used by Frost, or new ones were made from a previous edition.

Last updated: December 7, 2019

Who wrote the preface?❦

Work in progress.

The possibility of the preface of TEATCT having been written by someone else than the author wasexplored in a handful of posts in 2014. According to JHostler, the style and content of the TEATCT preface are similar to those found in books published by Frederick J. Drake. Three examples are given, but there are a lot more Drake books that should be looked at for a comparison of their prefaces.

Notable is that the TEATCT preface has the entire book’s only use of “he” in the third person reference to the author, the famous last sentence: “…if it sells it will accomplish the primary motive of the author, as he needs the money.”

Last updated: December 7, 2019

Where exactly did M. D. Smith meet the author?❦

Work in progress.

What bank issued the check the author paid M. D. Smith with?❦

Work in progress

Jeff Wessmiller wrote back in 2005:

I had the honor of meeting with Darwin Ortiz the day before yesterday and we had an interesting discussion about who Erdnase was. He informed me that the Chicago bank that issued M. D. Smith’s check (for payment of the illustrations) was later bought out by a larger bank which today still maintains account information from 1902. The source that gave Ortiz this information, which he did not disclose to me, has not contacted Darwin with follow up information. Only a few legal formalities needed to take place before the account information could be given out, but that’s the last Ortiz heard of the investigation.

The topic was brought up again by Tom Sawyer in 2012:

Back in June 2005 there was a little discussion (on this thread) of possibly tracking down the records from Erdnases bank. I have wondered whether anyone ever followed up on that. Maybe a broader idea was to check with all of the likely banks.

Research is currently ongoing following this lead. According to the Illinois Bankers Association [1], these are most of the Chicago banks in 1902 that still exist today:

BMO Harris BankCommercialMay 1, 1882
Hoyne Savings BankSavingsJan 1, 1887
Royal Savings BankSavingsJan 1, 1887
Northern Trust Co.CommercialOct 12, 1889
Pulaski Savings BankSavingsJan 1, 1890
PNA BankSavingsJan 1, 1891
ABC BankCommercialJun 10, 1891
Central Federal Savings and LoanSavingsJan 1, 1893
Liberty Bank for SavingsSavingsJan 1, 1898

Sorted by date founded. Strikethrough means no current records, see below.

A similar list can be acquired using the Institution Directory at the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation website. Since above are banks that still exist, the First National Bank is not in the list, which is the bank M. D. Smith thought it was in conversation with Martin Gardner in 1946 [2]. The First National Bank of Chicago was in 1902 located at the southwest corner of Monroe and Dearborn streets. A few years later Smith also mentions that he knows a manager at the Harris Bank and will “ask him if there is any way to chase that name.” [3] As far as known that never happened, and it is not evident if Smith at that time thought it might have been Harris Bank that issued the check, or just that he happened to know someone there that could provide knowledge in general.

A representative of the current day BMO Harris Bank states that they only hold bank records for the seven years required by law, and subsequently do not have any records from 1902 [4]. Similar inquiries are currently being made to all the other banks in the list above, as well as the First National Bank that through a series of mergers over the years is owned today by Chase. Recent correspondence, however, concludes that the latter does not have any relevant records [5]. This is also the case with Liberty Bank, that only holds records for up to 15 years [6], for Northern Trust that only holds records for seven years [7], and for Central Federal Savings and Loan.[8]

If Darwin Ortiz and his source are to be believed, finding out what banks bought other banks in Chicago between 1902 and 2005 might provide additional clues as to what bank issued the check.

  1. Email correspondence with Illinois Bankers Association on October 14, 2015.
  2. The Gardner-Smith Correspondence, H & R Magic Books, PDF Edition, page 8.
  3. Ibid., page 21.
  4. Email correspondence with BMO Harris Online Services on October 15, 2015.
  5. Email correspondence with JPMorgan Chase on January 5, 2016.
  6. Email correspondence with Liberty Bank on January 20, 2016.
  7. Phone conversation with Northern Trust on January 22, 2016.
  8. Email correspondence with Central Federal Savings and Loan on January 19, 2016.
S w erdnase pdf download

Last updated: December 7, 2019

Who published the book?❦

An assumption about TEATCT is that it was self-published, due to the statement in the first edition saying so:

Title page of the first edition of TEATCT (1902)

But as has been pointed out before, we might assign to this statement as much truth as we do to S. W. Erdnase being the name of the author. What does self-published mean in the context of this book? All things considered, it can be viewed as simply the direction of some amount of money. If the book really was self-published, the author paid James McKinney & Co. to print it. If, on the other hand, the book had a publisher other than the author, the author was paid to write the book. Let’s look at each scenario a bit more in detail:

A self-published book would begin with the author having completed a manuscript. The illustrations to go with it were done by M. D. Smith, but according to a conversation Martin Gardner had with Smith on December 13, 1946, “[he] is not sure how [the author] managed to contact him – probably through engravers or printers. At any rate, he got in touch with Smith to have the illustrations made.” [1] Manuscript and illustrations were delivered to McKinney, who prepared them for print and then produced several copies of the finished book. (However, we do not yet know if the book was bound at McKinney or elsewhere, or how the materials were delivered in either direction.) These copies would now be owned by the author, to be marketed and sold by his own means. This is where the business between the author and McKinney ends, unless the latter was also paid to store the finished books for some time.


If instead someone other than the author published the book, it would still start with a manuscript. Written in whole, parts, or not at all, before contact was made with the publisher, which might have been initiated by either part. A contract, not necessarily written, would have been agreed upon for the author to go ahead and finish the manuscript. Most important, such contract would specify monetary compensation to the author, meaning e.g. royalties, percentage of sales, advance payment, etc. Regardless of the exact terms, it would be the publisher paying the author for delivery of the manuscript. This, and producing, marketing and selling the book, are the expenses on behalf of the publisher, expected to be returned by the book sales. Depending on the terms, the business between the author and the publisher could end here, for example if the former were to be paid in a single advance sum, the publisher keeping all future proceeds.

Actual papers would of course be the best evidence to support either of these two setups. An invoice from McKinney to the author for printing the book, an order line in their books, or the author’s receipt for making that payment, would support the self-published theory. A written agreement between a publisher and the author, or any traces of payments to the author in the books of the publisher, would support the publisher theory. But until we find such documentation, we can only look at the data we have, some interpretations of it, and how it may or may not support these theories.

On one hand:

  • The first edition of TEATCT says “Published by the author” on the title page, supporting it was self-published.
  • The author himself paid M. D. Smith (by check) for the illustrations, suggesting it was out of own pocket. “Andrews paid for the job with a check on a big Chicago bank. Smith thinks it was the First National. He recalls that he was leary [sic] at first about accepting a check, but that it was numbered with a 1.” [2]
  • The consensus seems to be that TEATCT is too unpolished to have gone through a proper editing process, which would have been the case if a publisher was involved.

On the other hand:

  • Samuel W. Jamieson of the publisher Jamieson-Higgins Co. filled out the copyright form for TEATCT, something a publisher would do for one of its books.
  • TEATCT was (most likely) printed by James McKinney & Co., the printer Jamieson-Higgins used for most of their books.
  • James McKinney seems to have also sold copies of the book, at least according to what is probably Adrian Plate’s inscription in his own copy: “Sold by James McKinney and Company”.
  1. The Gardner-Smith Correspondence, H & R Magic Books, PDF Edition, page 7.
  2. Ibid., page 8.

Last updated: December 7, 2019

Who bound the book after it was printed?❦

Work in progress.

In 2012, magicam first raised this question. Who bound TEATCT may have various implications, for example where the entire inventory was located at some point in time, maybe even after the book started selling. James McKinney & Co. seems to have had the capabilities of binding items, one petitioner – The American Lumberman – refers to them as “a printer and book-binder” [1] and they were sold bindery supplies by E. C. Fuller & Co.

There is however one dedicated bindery mentioned in the bankruptcy files – the Chicago Book Binding Company. This may or may not indicate that this company did all binding for James McKinney & Co. that was not already handled in-house. As pointed out by Chris Wasshuber, at the time of the bankruptcy the bindery held paper stock for several titles printed by McKinney:

From the receiver’s inventory of property belonging to James McKinney & Co.

The company seems to have been in other ways related to the McKinney/Jamieson-Higgins partnership, and went bankrupt at the almost exact same time – much like Jamieson-Higgins. In early January, 1903, W. France Anderson, receiver in the Chicago Book Binding Company bankruptcy [2], wrote to the judge:

[that] all the books of account, chooses in action, moneys, chattels and property of said Chicago Book-Binding Company, are in the possession of one John E. Seinwerth, who holds such possession by virtue of his appointment as Receiver in said Company by the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois, under a bill in equity filed therein on the Twenty-third day of December A. D. 1902, entitled Stillman B. Jamieson vs. Chicago Book-Binding Company et al.

The specific nature of the mentioned proceedings are still being uncovered.

  1. James McKinney Bankruptcy Files, Lybrary.com Edition, pages 250–251.
  2. Chicago Book Binding Company, Case No. 8613; Bankruptcy Case Files, Act of 1898; USDC Chicago; Records of District Courts of the United States, Record Group 21; National Archives at Kansas City.
S w erdnase pdf fillable

Last updated: December 7, 2019

Jamieson-Higgins and the copyright application❦

Richard Hatch first pointed out he believes Samuel W. Jamieson of the Jamieson-Higgins publishing company filled out the copyright application for TEATCT, based on Jamieson’s handwriting in the Jamieson-Higgins bankruptcy files (lower right), and the handwriting on the copyright application. Bill Mullins compared the copyright application to Jamieson’s handwriting on a passport application as well and came to the same conclusion. Here are samples from those three documents:

Samuel W. Jamieson’s handwriting from the Jamieson-Higgins bankruptcy files (February 13, 1903)

S W Erdnase Pdf Fillable

Handwriting on the TEATCT copyright application form (February 15, 1902)

Samuel W. Jamieson’s handwriting on a passport application (July 25, 1918)

The similarities are so many and distinct (e.g. “J”, “S”, “W”) it can be safely assumed that Samuel W. Jamieson did in fact fill out that copyright form. That Jamieson assisted in applying for copyright does not necessarily mean he or his company had anything else to do with TEATCT, but it is certainly a possibility.

Last updated: December 7, 2019

Notes and leads❦

This is a somewhat loose collection of notes picked up from the ERDNASE thread that make for interesting leads and paths of investigation:

  • Richard Hatch points out that one of the first edition copies at the Library of Congress has the note Sold by James McKinney and Company, probably written by Adrian Plate who previously owned this copy. Richard writes: “How did Plate, in New York, know this? I assume he might have seen an advertisement for it in the non-magical press.” Tom Sawyer however found this to be rather thin evidence for McKinney selling copies of the book.
  • In 2011, Bill Mullins found an article in the St. Joseph Gazette where a card sharp talks about various techniques and makes fun of magicians, and the article is signed “E. W. S.” – anagrammed initials of S. W. Erdnase. The signature also tells us that the article may have originally been published in the “New York Commercial Advertiser”, which does not seem to be available online. Locating physical copies of this newspaper could yield more information.
  • If it hasn’t been done already, which seems to be the case reading the ERDNASE thread, it would be an interesting exercise to engage “regular” Chicago historians in the Erdnase research. This was proposed by Jonathan Townsend a few years ago.
  • Bill Mullins says: “Sperber’s Checklist of Conjuring Catalogues lists a 1901 catalog from Atlas, and other undated copies that likely are soon after. Has anyone specifically examined these for possible listings of Expert?”

Last updated: December 7, 2019


Looking for Erdnase is maintained by Markus Amalthea Magnuson (“mam” on the Genii forum), please send any questions, corrections, ideas etc. to [email protected]

S. W. Erdnase is a pseudonym used by the author of The Expert at the Card Table, a book detailing sleight of hand, cheating and legerdemain using playing cards. Still considered essential reading for any card magician, the book (usually known as just Erdnase, EATCT, or sometimes the Bible) has been in publication since 1902. Erdnase's true identity is one of the enduring mysteries of the magic community.

S W Erdnase Pdf Download


S. W. Erdnase was most likely a way for the author to conceal his real identity so he wouldn't be arrested, since Federal laws at the time prohibited the publication and distribution of 'obscene' material.[citation needed] In the late 19th and early 20th century, many judges considered books on gambling methods obscene (see Comstock laws).S. W. Erdnase spelled backwards is 'E. S. Andrews' leading many investigators to search for people named Andrews as possible candidates.

Milton Franklin Andrews[edit]

Martin Gardner has proposed that a small-time con man named Milton Franklin Andrews was the author. Another proponent who researched this theory was Barton Whaley, in his book The Man Who Was Erdnase, which contains eyewitness interviews from the 1940s. Andrews was wanted by police for questioning in relation to a murder inquiry. When the police found Andrews he shot himself dead after fatally shooting his female companion. Andrews was only 33, as stated in The Man Who was Erdnase.

Sw Erdnase Pdf

Others argue against Andrews being Erdnase because the known examples of his writing are very much inferior to the exceptional writing of The Expert at the Card Table.

There has been newer evidence since the year 2000 that puts to rest the assumption that Milton Franklin Andrews was Erdnase. It is obvious that Andrews was a card cheat but that is as far as his connection goes. Other historians have also found other men that could have indeed been S.W. Erdnase.[1]

Wilbur Edgerton Sanders[edit]

Some argue that Erdnase was probably a well-educated, locally prominent individual, hiding behind an alias to protect his social standing. The late David Alexander, a magician and private detective, did quite a bit of work to find a better and more possible candidate than Milton Franklin Andrews, and he proposed that Erdnase was a prominent mining engineer named Wilbur Edgerton Sanders. (Note that 'S. W. Erdnase' is an anagram of 'W. E. Sanders'.)

Since Alexander's death, others have researched Wilbur Edgerton Sanders.[1]Genii Magazine devoted a large portion of its September 2011 issue to an exploration of Alexander's theory, providing substantial circumstantial evidence that links Sanders to Erdnase.

E. S. Andrews[edit]

Todd Karr has identified a Midwestern-based con artist and business swindler named E. S. Andrews who was active around the turn of the century and whose biography and range of known locations seems to fit Erdnase's.[2] Also, E.S. Andrews spelled backwards is S.W. Erdnase.

L'Homme Masqué[edit]

Juan Tamariz has advanced the theory that Erdnase was written by the Peruvian magician named 'L'Homme Masqué' (The Masked Man), who lived in Europe.

Juan Tamariz tiene la hipotesis que el Erdnase fue escrito por el mago peruano del siglo XIX L'Homme Masqué que vivió en Europa y es considerado uno de las más grandes magos de toda la historia, hasta el propio Dai Vernon lo considera entre los tres más grandes. Durante el IX Congreso Latinoamericano de Magia FLASOMA 2009 realizado en Perú, explicó las razones y el fundamento por el cual el autor del Erdnase fue L'Homme Masqué. Durante la explicación de esta teoria estuvo presente Gaetan Bloom respaldando esta hipotesis.
Juan Tamariz has the hypothesis that Erdnase was written by the 19th century Peruvian magician 'L'Homme Masqué' (The Masked Man), who lived in Europe and is considered one of the greatest magicians in history, even Dai Vernon himself considers him among the three greatest. During the 9th Congress of the Latin American Federation of Magic Societies (FLASOMA 2009) held in Peru, he explained the reasons and grounds for which the author of Erdnase has to be L'Homme Masqué. During the explanation of this theory Gaetan Bloom was present, supporting this hypothesis.[citation needed]


S W Erdnase Pdf Combiner

Many other people have also been proposed, including James Andrews, James DeWitt Andrews, Robert Frederick Foster and Herbert Lee Andrews, which have been discussed and debated on the Erdnase topic on the Genii Forum since 2003[3]


  • Erdnase, S. W. (1995) [1902]. The Expert at the Card Table: The Classic Treatise on Card Manipulation. Dover Publications. ISBN0-486-28597-9. Newly typeset edition with an historical introduction by Martin Gardner
  • McDermott, Hurt (2012). Artifice, Ruse & Erdnase: The Search for One Who May Not Want to Be Found. Lybrary. 1. Somerville, MA.


S W Erdnase Pdf Converter

  1. ^ abJohnson, Karl (May 2001). 'Who Was Erdnase? Conjuring's most enduring mystery'. American Heritage Magazine. 52 (3). Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  2. ^Karr, Todd (2006). 'Is This Erdnase?'. Magical Past-Times: The On-Line Journal of Magic History.Missing or empty url= (help)
  3. ^http://forums.geniimagazine.com/viewtopic.php?t=1240

External Resources[edit]

  • Artifice, Ruse, and Subterfuge at the Card Table: a Treatise on the Science and Art of Manipulating Cards From the Harry Houdini Collection in the Rare Book and Special Collection Division at the Library of Congress
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